Supreme Transparency
  • Term
  • 2023-2024

O’Connor-Ratcliff v. Garnier

Consolidated with Lindke v. Freed

O’Connor-Ratcliff v. Garnier involves public officials’ use of social media and the permissibility of blocking constituents who criticize them. In O’Connor-Ratcliff, the Ninth Circuit ruled in favor of plaintiffs who sued several school board members for blocking them on Facebook and Twitter, holding that in doing so they violated the First Amendment. This case was argued alongside Lindke v. Freed, in which the lower court came to the opposite conclusion in a similar case.

Powerbroker-Affiliated Organizations


Cato InstituteRead the amicus brief


Manhattan InstituteRead the amicus brief